Senior Research Scientist
Assistant Professor of Biology
National Center for Water Quality Research
PhD, The Pennsylvania State University
MS, University of the Philippines Los Baños
BS, University of the Philippines Los Baños
Areas of Interest
Watershed and hydrologic modeling, Watershed hydrology and management, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) resource applications, Runoff and sediment transport processes, Nitrogen and Phosphorus movement, Pareto optimization, Automatic parameter estimation, Soil-water-plant relationships, Solid waste management/Composting.
I use watershed modeling to explore the effects of agricultural practices (e.g., tillage, nutrient management, crop cover) and climate change on nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment exports from Lake Erie watersheds. These objectives can be done by creating different scenarios of tillage (conventional vs. no-till), fertilizer application (broadcast vs. incorporated) and timing, climate inputs (extreme dry and wet conditions). We use Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to model the Rock Creek, Honey Creek, Sandusky, and Maumee watersheds under the above different scenarios. Simulation results may aid farmers, policymakers, and stakeholders make informed decisions about agricultural practices that will help decrease dissolved P exports from these Lake Erie watersheds.
- 2008 - present: Research Scientist, National Center for Water Quality Research, Heidelberg University.
- 2004 - 2008: Post-doctoral Research Associate. Department of Agricultural Economics, Oregon State University.
- 2000 - 2004: Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Penn State University, University Park, PA.
- 1997 - 1999: Instructor, University of the Philippines Mindanao.
- 1992 - 1997: Research Assistant, The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Philippines.
- 1989 - 1992: Instructor, University of the Philippines Los Baños.
- 1988 - 1989: Research Assistant, University of the Philippines Los Baños.
Professional and Honor Society Affiliations
- AWRA, The American Water Resources Association.
- SABE, The American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineering.
- PSAE, Philippine Society of Agricultural Engineers.
- CSSP, Crop Science Society of the Philippines.
- Gamma Sigma Delta, The Honor Society of Agriculture, Penn State University, PA, USA.
- Alpha Epsilon, The Honor Society The Honor Society of Agricultural, Food, and Biological Engineering Students, Penn State University, PA, USA.
Whittaker, G., R. Confesor Jr., M. DiLuzio, J. G. Arnold. 2010. Detection of Overparameterization and Overfitting in an Automatic Calibration of SWAT. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) 53(5): 1487-1499
Whittaker, G., Confesor, R, Griffith, S.M., Färe, R., Grosskopf, S., Steiner, J.J., Muller-Warrant, G.W., Banowetz, G.M. 2009. A hybrid genetic algorithm for multiobjective problems with activity analysis-based local search. European Journal of Operational Research 193(1): 195-203.
Confesor, R.B. Jr., J.M. Hamlett, R.D. Shannon, and R.E. Graves 2009. Potential Pollutants from Farm-, Food-, and Yard-Waste Composts at Differing Compost Ages. Part II. Potential Leaching of Nutrients Under Column Experiments. Compost Science and Utilization 17(1):6-17.
Confesor, R.B. Jr., J.M. Hamlett, R.D. Shannon, and R.E. Graves 2008. Potential Pollutants from Farm-, Food-, and Yard-Waste Composts at Differing Compost Ages. Part I: Change in Chemical Properties. Compost Science and Utilization 16(4):228-238.
Colvin, R.W., Giannico, G.R., Herlihy, A.T., Gerth, W.J., Confessor, R.B., Fare, R.G., Garcia, T.S., Griffith, S.M., Grosskopf, S.P., Mccomb, B.C., Whittaker, G.W., Mueller Warrant, G.W. 2008. Assessing trade-offs between crop production and ecological services: the Calapooia Basin. Seed Production Research at Oregon State University. 127: 78-79.
Confesor, R.B. Jr. and G. Whittaker. 2007. Automatic calibration of hydrologic models with multi-objective evolutionary algorithm and Pareto optimization. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43(4): 981-989. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2007.00080.x
Confesor, R.B. Jr., J.M. Hamlett, R.D. Shannon, and R.E. Graves 2007. Movement of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Downslope and Beneath a Manure and Organic-Waste Composting Site. Compost Science and Utilization 15(2):119-126.
Tuong, T.P., P.P. Pablico, M. Yamauchi, R.B. Confesor Jr., and K. Moody. 2000. Increasing water productivity and weed suppression of wet-seeded rice: effect of water management and rice genotypes. Experimental Agriculture 36:71-89.
Tuong, T.P, K.T. Ingram, J.D. Siopongco, R.B. Confesor Jr., A.A. Boling, U. Singh, M.C.S. Wopereis. 1995. Performance of Dry-Seeded Rainfed Lowland Rice in Response to Agro-hydrology and N-fertilizer Management. In K.T. Ingram (ed) Rainfed Lowland Rice. Agricultural Research for High-Risk Environment. Manila, Philippines: IRRI, International Rice Research Institute. 248 p.
Proceedings and Presentations
Confesor, R.B. Jr. and G.W. Whittaker. 2007. Bootstrapping input (forcing) variables for model prediction uncertainty. Poster presented in the American Water Resources Association (AWRA) Annual Water Resources Conference, November 12-15, 2007 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
Confesor, R.B. Jr., G.W. Whittaker, R. Färe, and S. Grosskopf. 2007. Dynamic integration of a biophysical model to an economic model. Poster presented in the American Water Resources Association (AWRA) Annual Water Resources Conference, November 12-15, 2007 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
Confesor, R.B. Jr.and G.W. Whittaker. 2007. Sensitivity Analysis and interdependence of the SWAT model parameters. ASABE Paper No. 072101, 2007 ASAE Annual Meeting (Minneapolis, MN). St. Joseph, MI.
Färe, R., S. Grosskopf G.W. Whittaker, and R.B. Confesor Jr. Assessing Trade-Offs between Crop Production and Ecological Services. Paper presented at the CAER Conference on Policy Choices for Salinity Mitigation: Bridging the Disciplinary Divides. February 1-2, 2007, Coogee Surf Club, Sydney, Australia.
Confesor, R.B. Jr.and G.W. Whittaker. 2006. Multi-Objective Automatic Calibration of a Semi-Distributed Watershed Model using Pareto Ordering Optimization and Genetic Algorithm. Paper No. 062128, 2006 ASAE Annual Meeting (Portland, OR). St. Joseph, MI.
Confesor, R.B. Jr. and T.P. Tuong. 2001. Modified Philip’s cumulative infiltration equation for cracked soils. In D. D. Bosch and K. W. King. (eds.)Proceedings, Preferential flow, Water movement and chemical transport in the environment, 2nd International Symposium, 3-5 Jan 2001, Ala Moana Hotel Honolulu, Hawaii. American Society of Agricultural Engineers. pp. 245-248.
Castillo, E., R.J. Cabangon, A.A. Boling, R.B. Confesor, T.P. Tuong, and U. Singh. 1998. Drought response of lowland rice as affected by crop establishment and control release fertilizers. Paper presented at the 14 Annual Scientific Conference of the Federation of Crop Science Societies of the Philippines, Cebu City, 19-24 Apr 1998.
Confesor, R.B. Jr., and T.P.Tuong. 1997. Hydraulic Properties and Crack Pattern of Dried Puddled Soils Under Transplanted and Wet-Seeded Rice. Paper presented at the 13th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Federation of Crop Science Societies of the Philippines, Supreme Hotel, Baguio City, May, 1997.
Pablico, P.P, M. Yamauchi, T.P. Tuong, R.B. Confesor and K. Moody. 1995. Performance of anaerobic direct-seeding technique under different water and tillage systems. In R. Ishii and T. Horie (Eds.) Crop research in Asia: Achievements and Perpective. Proceedings of the 2nd Asian Crop sciences Conference, 21-23 August, 1995, the Fukui Prefectural University, Fukui, Japan, pp. 216-219.